Elif Brousse “ Allegory of Spring “ Botticelli 

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Fotografia postată de Rosicrucian Order AMORC.
Elif Brousse “ Allegory of Spring “~ Botticelli

This chart by Sandro Botticelli’s Spring Alegorian differs from the usual Christian religious-themed paintings in terms of mythological figures. Despite the classical mythological figures on the same tablion, there is no mythological story that covers all of these figures and thus constitutes the subject of work. The figures seen in a spring garden in flowers exhibit different postures relative to each other, they do not communicate directly and do not complete each other. Nevertheless, there is an unity when they are judged by the movements they represent and the imagery they represent. It is necessary to examine the figures one by one in order to understand the purpose of the painting and the subject:

1) Venus is the remarkable female figure in the middle of the Resmin *. Venus, the goddess of love and beauty of Roman mythology, is also a representative of the spring, which is also associated with youth, renewal, fertility and, consequently, with these characteristics. The garden covered with orange trees, shrubs and flowers seen in the work is the spring garden of Venus. This interpretation of Venus Botticelli, often depicted as naked, is depicted in a modestly dressed, blue-red-colored cloak with a long dress and delicate processes.

2) The winged figure in the blue tinted right through the trees at the far right is Zephyros (Zephyr or Zefir), the god of the western wind. Zephyros is the only wind that can enter the spring garden of Venus and brings the dew drops with the coming and the beautiful smells. It is understood that the wind blows from the swollen cheeks of Zephyros. Zephyros is trying to catch the young girl right in front of her with her arms stretched out. This young girl named Chloris is a kind of peridir called „nymph” in Greek mythology. According to the story told in the Metamorphosis of the Greek poet Ovid, Zephyros insists on Chloris and chases and seizes it. Eventually reaching his goal, Zephyros marries Chloris, lives together endlessly, and transforms Zephyros Chloris into Flora, the goddess of flowers. This chase is portrayed in the work. When Chloris flew in the air, Zephyros looked up and was caught. Representative flowers of spring come out of the mouth of Chloris who is trying to yell, instead of sound.

3) Immediately to the left of Chloris appears the Flora, the character to be transformed into Chloris, with the floral crown at the beginning, the dress with the flowers, and the flowers that fill the habit. The roses that Flora carries on her lap and is prepared for the ceremony is the symbol of Venus. All floral motifs on the flora exhibit close to 500 examples of genuine flower species, all of which reside on the picture.

4) The group of three young girls who are just to the left of Venus are the „Three Authors” in Greek and Roman Mythology **. Three Authors, Beauty, Attraction, Creativity, Nature and Fertility are all accompanied by Venus in symbols and gardens. Combined with elegant movements, they add mobility to paintings with their hands and dancing like flying. The „Three Sisters” have turned their sexual backstage between Zephyros and Chloris in the middle and condemn this kind of love. However, it is unaware of the surplus at the top of the picture.

5) The son of the love god Cupid ***, just above Venus, is portrayed as a child with a small wing. Cupid, who fell in love with the arrows with his arrows, turned his hand to the middle from the Three Reasons. When the arrow strikes you, the young girl will fall in love with her first sight. At this point, the male figure on the far left that the young girl looks at gains importance.

6) The leftmost male figure is Mercury, the god of the Roman gods. Mercury stands out with its symbolic hat and winged sandals. Another symbol, the serpent Ascendant, distributes the clouds on the upper left; because there is no space in the garden of Venus. Mercury figurine is thought to have been made in Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco ‘Medici or cousin Giuliano de’ Medici model. The work of the Mediciler, the strongest family who governs Florence, is one of the assumptions that one of the noble family members of the family has ordered for a wedding. Therefore, from the Three Authors’ perspective, looking at Mercury in the middle, it is interpreted as a reference to the theme of marriage. At the same time, the oranges of the orange garden in which the figures are placed are also a Medici symbol.

Notes:
* Venus: Aphrodite in Greek Mythology
** Three Treasures: Charites („The Three Graces” in English) with the name in Greek Mythology
*** Cupid: Greek mythology’s name in Eros’s Roman Mythology
**** Mercury: Hermes in Greek Mythology

Location: Uffizi Gallery „Galleria degli Uffizi”, Florence
Date: around 1482
Semester: Renaissance
Subgroup: Early Renaissance „Early Renaissance”