Edicts of religious toleration


Edicts of toleration in history

Ancient times[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

  • 1436 – The Compacts of Basel (valid for the Crown of Bohemia, previously declared in 1420 and approved by the Council of Basle in 1433) were formally accepted by Catholics and Utraquists (moderate Hussites) at an assembly in Jihlava and agreed by King and Emperor Sigismund, introducing a limited toleration and stating that „the word of God is to be freely and truthfully preached by the priests of the Lord, and by worthy deacons”

Early modern period[edit]

  • 1562 – The Edict of Saint-Germain was an edict of limited toleration issued by Catherine de’ Medici (the regent for the young Charles IX of France) that ended insistent persecution of non-Catholics (mostly Huguenots). The persecution was a result of the Concordat of Bologna (1516). A massacre of Huguenots a few weeks later began open hostilities in the French Wars of Religion (1562-1598).
  • 1568 – The Edict of Torda (or Turda), also known as the Patent of Toleration (Act of Religious Tolerance and Freedom of Conscience), was an attempt by King John II Sigismund of Hungary to guarantee religious freedom in his realm. Specifically, it broadened previous grants (to Roman Catholics, Lutherans, and Calvinists) to include the Unitarian Church, and allowed toleration (not legal guarantees) for other faiths.
  • 1573 – The Warsaw Confederation made all Christian confessions equal in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1579 – The Union of Utrecht included a decree of toleration allowing personal freedom of religion. An additional declaration allowed provinces and cities that wished to remain Catholic to join the Union.
  • 1598 – The Edict of Nantes, issued by the King of FranceHenry IV, was the formal religious settlement which ended the first era of the French Wars of Religion. The Edict granted to French Huguenots legal recognition as well as limited religious freedoms, including: freedom of public worship, the right of assembly, rights of admission to public offices and universities, and permission to maintain fortified towns. The Edict of Nantes, however, would be revoked in 1685 by Henry IV’s grandson, Louis XIV, who once again proclaimed Protestantism to be illegal in France through the Edict of Fontainebleau.

Late modern period[edit]

20th century[edit]

  • 30 April 1905 – Edict of Toleration issued by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia gives legal status to religions not of the Russian Orthodox Church. Followed by the edict of 30 October 1906 giving legal status to schismatics and sectarians of the ROC.[4]
  • 13 February 1942 – Racial-Ideology Tolerance Edict of the Nazi chief ideologist Alfred Rosenberg – 3 Clause rights +31 obligations for the Reichskommissariat Ostland.